Peer-reviewed publications resulting from work I have been involved in.
- Development and validation of a plasma-based melanoma biomarker suitable for clinical use. February 18, 2018
Development and validation of a plasma-based melanoma biomarker suitable for clinical use. Br J Cancer. 2018 Jan 23;: Authors: Van Laar R, Lincoln M, Van Laar B Abstract BACKGROUND: In Australia, more money is spent on skin cancer than any other malignancy. Despite this, the mortality rate of melanoma, the deadliest form, has steadily increased over the past 50 years. Diagnostic imprecision and a lack of complimentary molecular biomarkers are partially responsible for this lack of progress. METHODS: Whole-microRNAome profiling was performed on plasma samples from 32 patients with histologically confirmed melanoma and 16 normal controls. A classification algorithm was trained on these data and independently validated on multiple previously published microRNA data sets, representing (i) melanoma patient- and normal-blood, (ii) melanoma and nevi biopsy tissue, and (iii) cell lines and purified exosomes. RESULTS: 38 circulating microRNAs had biologically and statistically significant differences between melanoma and normal plasma samples (MEL38). A support vector machine algorithm, trained on these markers, showed strong independent classification accuracy (AUC 0.79-0.94). A majority of MEL38 genes have been previously associated with melanoma and are known regulators of angiogenesis, metastasis, tumour suppression, and treatment resistance. CONCLUSIONS: MEL38 exhibits disease state specificity and robustness to platform and specimen-type variation. It has potential to become an objective diagnostic biomarker and improve the precision and accuracy of melanoma detection and monitoring.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 23 January 2018; doi:10.1038/bjc.2017.477 www.bjcancer.com. PMID: 29360813 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]